MLA Citation style
MLA style citation: This stands for Modern Languages Association, and it is the preferred style to use when writing about literature, humanities, or arts. In MLA style, writers place references to sources in the paper to briefly identify them and enable readers to find them in the Works Cited list. These parenthetical references should be kept as brief and as clear as possible.
Generally speaking, it is an alphabetical list of the books, papers, or resources used in your paper must be included at the end of your report. These resources should be cited throughout the paper (with the use of brackets) and explained in greater detail on this list (known as the bibliography).
is very useful to students and professionals. It is a good way to avoid plagiarisms. This is where you use same information as original information as original context without author's permission.
There are general guidelines to follow and specific rules to be aware of. Below you'll find basic rules for creating MLA bibliographic entries, as well as example citations.
· All entries are cited alphabetically by the author's last name. If there is no author, the title of the resource is used instead. The title of the resource is not underlined, but it put in italics instead. The publication medium (DVD, magazine, book, website, CD) should be included as well. The entire page should be double-spaced.
The basic format is as follows:
Author last name, first name. Location of publication: publisher name, year published. Publication medium.
In , it is preferable you use long names rather than abbreviations. It also requires that you italicize word titles instead of underlining them.
Guidelines for formatting MLA style work
· Clarkson's Guidelines on Formatting in MLA Style
· Double-space the text of your work and use Times New Roman.
· Font size should be 12pt.
· Set the margins of your work to 1 inch on all sides.
· For paragraphs indent the first line a half an inch from the left margin. MLA recommends you use the Tab key.
· Create a header for all pages of the document that numbers all pages in the upper right-hand corner at one-half inch from the top.
· Include endnotes on a separate page before your Cited Works page. Name this section Notes and centre on the document.
When creating your Works Cited Page, remember to:
· Begin the Works Cited on a new page, but number consecutively (i.e., if the last page of your essay is page 3, the Works Cited is page 4)
· Alphabetize each entry by first letter
· Use italics for all titles of books, magazines, films, etc.
· You do NOT need to include the URL on internet sources unless specifically required.
· Put quotation marks around the titles of poems, short stories, and articles
· Indent the 2nd line, the 3rd line, and all subsequent lines of each citation
· Double-space all entries
Examples of MLA Citations
Type of citation and correct citation:
· Book (One author)
Gorman, Elizabeth. Prairie Women. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.
· Book (Two authors)
Caper, Charles and Lawrence T. Teamos. How to Camp. Philadelphia: Doubleday, 1986.
· Book (Three or more authors)
Ellis, Doris et.al. History of Japan. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc., 1989.
· Book (One editor)
Vanderkirk, Pamela, ed. Ten Short Plays. Los Angeles: Nowell Book Co., 1982.
· Book (Two editors)
Lockhard, David J. and Charles Heimler, eds. The Oregon Trail. New York: Bonanza Books, 1992.
· Web page (Professional Organization)
Schrock, Kathleen. "Digital Gadgets." Kathy Schrock's Guide for Educators. 20 February 2002. Discovery Channel. 11 March 2003. <http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/gadgets.html>.
MLA Citation Style. [ONLINE] Available at:
http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citmanage/mla [Last Accessed May 3, 2013].
MLA Sample citations. [ONLINE] Available at:
http://www.tarleton.edu/departments/library/userhelp/document_mla_lh.html [Last Accessed May 3, 2013].
MLA Style ciation.[ONLINE] Available at:
http://mlastylecitation.com/ [Last Accessed May 3, 2013].